Greek Revolution of 1821 in French Ceramics (Philhellenism and the Factories in Montereau, Choisy & Toulouse)

Philhellenism in France right after the Greek revolution of 1821 against the Ottoman Empire, was experienced as a cultural phenomenon. After the massacre of Chios in 1822, Greek heroes like Marcos Botsaris, Alexandros Mavrokordatos, Constantine Kanaris and Andreas Miaoulis gained equal importance with Achilles, Agamemnon and the other ancient Greeks. Eugene Delacroix’s painting “The Massacre of Chios” presenting some of the horror that resulted in the deaths of 20.000 Greeks and the slavery of almost all the surviving inhabitants of the island of Chios in 1822 and the death of Lord Byron in 1824, made the French people to want to know better the Greeks. In April 6 1825, the “Journal des Debats” urged the French “In favor of the Greeks” insisting for the financial aid of the Greek Cause.
It is in that period that three manufactories of faience (in Choisy-le-Roi, Montereau and Toulouse) will be inspired by the Greek revolution and will circulate faience (mostly plates) with the stories of Greek Heroes.

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